Diabetes mellitus, or “sugar” diabetes, is a disorder that occurs in cats, and is caused by the inability of the hormone – insulin to properly regulate blood sugar or glucose levels. There are two types of diabetes: Type 1 occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, and Type 2 is a form of diabetes where the cells are unable to respond well to the insulin. Both result in high blood sugar levels because the body is unable to process the available glucose.
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus include:
Diabetes mellitus can lead to other health problems and disorders. One of the disorders that occurs is known as a neuropathy disorder that causes weakness in their rear legs. In the early stages of the disease, cats are still active and alert. This can make it difficult for owners to notice that there is a problem. As the disease progresses, concurrent conditions often become apparent, such as poor haircoat, liver disease, and secondary bacterial infections. Although diabetes can affect cats of any breed, sex, or age, the disease usually occurs in older cats and obese cats. Males are more commonly prone to the disease than female cats. The exact cause of the disease in cats is not known, although genetics, obesity, pancreatic disease, hormonal imbalances, and certain medications are all possible factors.
If you suspect that your cat is diabetic, you should consider these facts:
The risk of long-term complications of diabetes mellitus in the cat can be reduced by strictly controlling the blood glucose level. High or widely fluctuating blood glucose levels can contribute to long-term complications as well as increase the risk of diabetic ketoacidosis and hypoglycaemia.PURINA®, now brings you a limited edition glucose test product that you can use in the convenience of your own home. The PURINA® GLUCOTEST™ is a simple, accurate at-home way for you to determine the amount of glucose(sugar) in your cat’s urine. This test can be obtained at participating veterinary practices. The product assists you in monitoring your diabetics cat’s condition at home, whilst working with your veterinarian, to achieve optimal glucose control.
This handy product is simply added to your cat’s clean litter box and will react to your cat’s urine with distinct colour changes to indicate the level of glucose in your cat’s urine. You can now compare this to the colour chart provided in the pack to determine the results of the test. The more intense the colour change, the higher the level of glucose present in your cats system. It is always recommended that you consult your veterinarian on all health issues relating to your cat. By being consciences of the symptoms and treatments, you and your cat can have many happy and puuurfect years ahead! PURINA® is committed to providing the highest quality pet foods with advanced pet care information services to help people and pets live longer, healthier and happier lives together.