Parvovirus

Parvovirus

Parvovirus is a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease of puppies and unvaccinated adult dogs. This virus is transmitted by direct contact with infected dogs or wild members of the dog family, infected feces, or a contaminated environment. Canine parvovirus can live for months to years in the environment. Canine parvovirus causes fever, severe vomiting, diarrhoea (often -but not always- containing blood), and dehydration in dogs. The disease is often fatal. The virus is especially lethal to young dogs. It is transmitted by contact with parvovirus-infected dog feces or with an object which has come into contact with infected dog feces. The virus may be brought into a home on a person’s hand, clothes, or shoes. Therefore, even a strictly indoor dog with no direct contact with other dogs, should be vaccinated against parvovirus. This disease does not affect people or cats.

 

NOTE: Certain breeds of dogs are especially susceptible to parvovirus infection. These breeds include rottweilers, doberman pinschers, pit bull breeds, and German shepherds. We recommend that puppies of such breeds be given an extra parvovirus vaccination at 20 – 22 weeks-of-age. Individual dogs of highly susceptible breeds who are to be boarded at a kennel may benefit from an additional parvovirus vaccination just prior (a few days to a few weeks) to boarding. Individual dogs of highly susceptible breeds that go to dog shows, dog classes, dog parks, or visit any location which dogs have frequented may benefit from receiving a parvovirus vaccination every six months rather than just annually.

Prevention

The protocol is not cast in stone and many variants are available.

5-in-1 vaccine

 

5-IN-1 IS ALSO KNOWN AS DA2PP OR DHPP VACCINE – PROTECTION AGAINST:
  • Distemper virus (causes Canine Distemper)
  • Adenovirus 1 (causes Infectious Canine Hepatits)
  • Adenovirus 2 (one cause of Infectious Traceobronchitis, AKA “kennel cough”)
  • Parainfluenza (another cause of Infectious Traceobronchitis, AKA “kennel cough”)
  • Parvovirus (causes Canine Parvo)

Recommended Protocol

5-IN-1 vaccine

Puppies: Administer at 6 – 8 weeks of age, then every 3 – 4 weeks until 14 – 16 weeks of age

Adult: After the first annual booster, core vaccinations only need to be boosted every 3 years . However legislation in South Africa may require more frequent booster injections, like if you intend to travel with your pet.

 

 

 

From: VIP Petcare

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